A Transformation Agenda For Nigeria



The 2023 Presidential Election
Manifesto of Presidential Candidate
H.E. Governor Alh. Ahmad Sani Yarima

























This is the Nigeria in which I believe.


It is a united land, a free, democratic and peaceful land. It is a country where the canker of corruption does not eat away at every corner of public life. It is a country which harnesses the potential of its great resources for the benefit of all the people, not merely the few.


It is a country where public services are operated with integrity, efficiency and dedicated competence; where power supplies are dependable, water clean and available, public transport reliable and roads in a fit state of repair.


I believe too in a Nigeria that is safe for our people. Safe at our borders and safe inside our own land. No citizen of this land should walk the streets of our towns in fear. Crime and violence cannot go unchecked in Nigeria in which I believe.


This is the Nigeria in which I believe, and by the grace of God, it is a Nigeria which can be ours.





















Foreword                                                                                                                        5

1.0 / Introduction                                                                                                             6

2.0 / My Profile                                                                                                                9

3.0 / My Mission                                                                                                            13


4.0 / Macroeconomic policies, economic growth and sustainable development

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Macroeconomic policies

4.3 Economic growth and sustainable development

4.4 Deregulation

4.5 Agricultural revolution

4.6 Trade and commerce

4.7 Industrialisation

4.8 Solid minerals

4.9 Electricity

4.10 Petroleum industry

5.0 / Social and infrastructural transformation

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Educational transformation

5.3 Poverty reduction

5.4 Youth empowerment

5.5 Environmental protection for sustainable development 5.6 Initiatives for women

5.7 The physically challenged

5.8 Infrastructural development a

5.8.1 Telecommunications

5.8.2 Information and communications technology (ICT) 5.8.3 Transportation

5.8.4 Housing

5.8.5 Water resources

5.9 Health care delivery


6.0 / Democracy and good governance

6.1 Introduction

6.2 National security

6.2.1 Nigerian armed forces

6.2.2 The Nigeria Police

6.2.3 The Nigerian Prison Service

6.2.4 State Security Services

6.2.5 The Nigeria Customs Service

6.2.6 Nigeria Immigration Service

6.2.7 National Drugs Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA)

6.2.8 National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC)

6.2.9 Federal Road Safety Commission

6.3 Judicial and legal transformations

6.4 Anti-corruption crusade – discipline and transparency

6.5 Foreign policy

6.6 The Nigerian diaspora

6.7 Public service reforms

6.8 Role of traditional institutions

6.9 Culture

6.10 The media

6.11 Human rights, social justice and equity

6.12 Religion

7.0 / Conclusion








This document contains a summary of what Alh. Ahmad Sani, Yariman Bakura, Executive Governor of Zamfara State, intends to accomplish, God willing, when given the mandate by Nigerians to lead this country as its president, come 2007.


The document is divided into three broad sections for the purpose of easy reference: economic policies and development, social and infrastructure transformation, and democracy and good governance. The situations analysed deal with the current state of our country, while Governor Yarima also spells out his vision for Nigeria and the strategies he would adopt.


Therefore, it is my pleasure to request each and every Nigerian to read this agenda and join Governor Yarima in building a greater, prosperous, just, and more united Nigeria.

Alhaji Umaru M. Ali-Shinkafi, CON, MPM

The Marafa of Sokoto




1.0 / Introduction

There was a time, prior to independence, and for many years after that, when Nigeria was revered and respected as the giant of Africa. This recognition was not just due to its sheer size, but also because the nation was blessed with honest, committed, selfless, patriotic and Godfearing leaders who were committed to ensuring that our vast human and natural resources

were harnessed effectively, to make Nigeria an economic,  political and diplomatic giant within the continent of Africa.

The social,

economic and political life of the country was being shaped by   people devoid of

conscience, with neither a sense of duty to our people, nor a fear of God in their hearts. They brought ruin when Nigerians looked to them for prosperity. They failed our

Agriculture had always been the mainstay of the Nigerian economy and our major foreign exchange earner. Then, in the 1970s, we were blessed with abundant wealth through oil. In those days, it used to be said, “Money was not our problem but how to spend it.” But gradually, the oil boom turned to “oil doom” for Nigeria. Our leaders failed or simply refused to utilise the wealth from oil to better the lot of the people. Quite simply, the country’s rulers, both military and civilian, turned Nigeria into a milking cow and milked her dry. Today the shocking truth is that the wealth of a few people in this country is greater than Nigeria’s entire foreign reserves, despite our huge oil resources. The massive potential benefits that our oil wealth should have produced never reached the people of our country. Mismanagement and gross corruption meant that most of this precious wealth was lost or stolen. The social, economic and political life of the country was being shaped by people devoid of conscience, with neither a sense of duty to our people, nor a fear of God in their hearts. They brought ruin when Nigerians looked to them for prosperity. They failed our nation.

Today, though, some of these same people are clamouring to come back to lead the nation and “complete their unfinished agenda”. But the power they are seeking is the power to hammer the final nail into the coffin of this potentially great country. During the past 40 years, corruption, nepotism, ethnicity and political instability have been all they offered the nation.

Today, Nigeria has never had it so bad. Nothing works. Our infrastructure is in shambles, schools hopelessly understaffed and their structures dilapidated, hospitals have become “mortuaries”, our roads are death traps, and the basic security of the nation has been dangerously undermined. On all sides, poverty, disease, hunger and illiteracy poison the life of the nation.

But this does not have to be so. I am determined that it will not be so. Change is possible, but it will never happen if the political leadership of this country is driven by the hunger for power and riches, rather than the good of the people.


It is time for a new kind of Presidency – one that believes it is there to serve the people of this land, rather than to rule them. A new generation of leadership, uncontaminated by the federal failures

of the past; a leadership that is honest, true to the people, God fearing, patriotic, transparent and committed; which will work in partnership with all the people of this diverse nation to build a new Nigeria.

Over the past year, I have been approached by a growing number of individuals, associations and organisations asking that I should put myself forward for the Presidency of this country.

These people know my track record as Governor of Zamfara State. They have seen how we have successfully challenged the curse of corruption. They have seen how


I know that

this great

country has

been denied


opportunity to

fulfil its



lowest in the land. They have seen, too, the rights of minorities, of all creeds and religions, protected and cherished to the point where this predominantly Moslem state has witnessed an unprecedented flowering of new Christian churches under construction. Initiatives have been launched to promote education and opportunities for women, while other education projects and poverty alleviation programmes have transformed the life of the State. If all of this can happen in one state, these people have said, why should this not be possible for Nigeria as a whole?

In response to these approaches, and in light of the grave problems facing our country, I have accepted the call, and offer

the economy has flourished and crime levels have dropped to



myself to serve this nation as its President, under the banner of my great party, THE ALL NIGERIA PEOPLES PARTY. I do so in all humility, and recognising that the successful fulfilment of such a great endeavour can only be carried out by the grace of God. But I do so, also, with a burning determination. I know that Nigeria can change. I know that this great country has been denied the opportunity to fulfil its extraordinary potential. In partnership with

the people of Nigeria, I am determined to build a new Nigeria:

one that does not yet exist, but that can exist and will exist. This country will no longer be denied the future which is it’s right.

Over recent months, I have travelled around this country, and consulted with some of the finest minds in the land. I have also discussed Nigeria’s place in the world with political and religious leaders around the world. I now offer this manifesto for my Presidency – a manifesto which addresses the great challenges facing our nation, and offers solutions to bring about lasting change.

  1. Macroeconomic policies, economic growth and sustainable development
  • Macroeconomic policies
  • Economic growth and sustainable development
  • Deregulation
  • Agricultural revolution
  • Trade and commerce
  • Industrialisation
  • Solid minerals
  • Power
  • Petroleum industry


  1. Social and infrastructure transformation
  • Educational transformation
  • Poverty reduction
  • Youth empowerment
  • Environmental protection for sustainable development
  • Initiatives for women
  • The physically challenged
  • Infrastructure development
  • Health care delivery
  1. Democracy and good governance
  • National security
  • Judicial and legal transformation
  • Public service reforms
  • Anti-corruption crusade – discipline and transparency
  • Role of traditional institutions
  • Human rights, social justice and equity
  • Foreign policy
  • The Nigerian diaspora

This manifesto explains in detail the agenda for my vision and mission for Nigeria and clearly explains how I intend to correct the wrongs of the past, consolidate the gains of the current reforms and move Nigeria forward.








2.0 / My profile

My career up to this point has provided an invaluable preparation for the demanding role of President of this great and diverse country. My academic training in economics, my education in both Islamic and Western studies, the experience gained in Federal positions, ranging from economics to employment, and my time as Governor of Zamfara State have all served to provide vital experience, while also allowing me to set out a track record by which I can be judged.

I was born on 22nd July 1960 in Anka town, Headquarters of Anka Local Government, of Zamfara State. I started my early education at Anka Primary School from 1966 to 1972 and Government Secondary School, Anka, between 1973 and 1977, where I obtained my West African School Certificate, WASC.



While Western learning broadened my exposure

and intellectual capacity,

Islamic education shaped my character, wisdom and value system.

Arts and Science, between 1977 and 1978, I was admitted to Bayero University, Kano, where I graduated with B.Sc Economics in 1982. I was posted to Borno State for the National Youth Service, where I worked in the Budget Department of the Governor’s office and also taught at the Borno College of Basic Studies, Maiduguri. Throughout all this time I pursued Western education side by side with Islamic education. While Western learning broadened my  exposure and intellectual capacity, Islamic education shaped my character, wisdom and value system.


In 1983, I began my career in the then Sokoto State Civil Service as an Economic Planning Officer in the Ministry of Finance. This career was punctuated by a desire for further studies which took me back to Bayero University, Kano, for a Masters Degree in Economics, in 1987.  Between 1988 and 1993, I worked with various Federal Government establishments, notably the National Directorate of Employment (N.D.E.) from 1988 to 1990 and the Central Bank of Nigeria (C.B.N.) between 1990 and 1993. This period enabled me to associate with Nigerians from varying backgrounds and experiences and to adapt to changing work environments.


In 1994, I returned to the then Sokoto State Civil Service as Director of Budget in the Ministry of Finance. Later, I served as Director, Finance Incorporated, a position I held until the creation of Zamfara State in October 1996. The experience of budget preparation, presentation, defence and monitoring opened my eyes to the processes, challenges, advantages and weaknesses of various development initiatives and systems.

My position as Director, Finance Incorporated, brought me into close contact with the private sector and the development of modules for public/private sector partnerships. In 1996, I was appointed


Director-General, Department of Lands and Housing and pioneer member of the Zamfara State Executive Council. I later became Permanent Secretary in the same Department. The challenges of land distribution and management in a new State demanded a set of particular skills and qualities. The sensitivity of the land tenure system coupled with the immediacy of the need to stabilise the new State meant that as a Permanent Secretary, I would have to be both decisive and fair, while demonstrating efficiency and sensitivity in equal measures. The experience and success of this challenging task has stood me in good stead throughout the rest of my career.

In September 1998, I resigned from the civil service and answered the call of the people by joining politics as a member of the then All Peoples Party (A.P.P.). I eventually became the party’s candidate for the Governorship

During my stewardship, and

supported by my excellent

government team, I have been able to implement a large number of

successful initiatives in the State,

bringing about a real transformation

in the lives of the people of Zamfara.

election of 1999. I was elected as Governor for a four year term which ended in 2003, and was re-elected for a second term of four years which will end on 29th May 2007. During my stewardship, and supported by my excellent government team, I have been able to implement a large number of successful initiatives in the State, bringing about a real transformation in the lives of the people of Zamfara.


These initiatives have included:

  • Establishment of the Zamfara State Integrated Development

Programme (ZASIDEP) – a development planning policy initiative targeting seven complementary sub-sectors for intervention. These are agriculture, health, electrification, water supply, roads, education, and development and promotion of small and medium scale enterprises.

  • Rehabilitation of over 900 primary and 58 secondary schools.
  • Construction of over 400 block-work classrooms in primary schools and about 1,000 prefabricated model classrooms in primary and secondary schools.
  • Procurement of science and technical education equipment and construction/renovation of science laboratories in all secondary schools.
  • Procurement of furniture for 4,200 classrooms for both primary and secondary schools.
  • Improvement of enrolment in primary schools from 214,000 in 1999 to 320,000 in 2006.
  • Improvement of student scholarships allowances level of N2,000 = per month for diploma students, to a maximum of N7,000 = per month for undergraduate students in the sciences.
  • Increase in girl child education enrolment through the establishment of Female Education Board and special focal girls schools in all the 14 Local Government areas of the State.
  • Establishment of five tertiary institutions namely: The College of Agriculture and Animal Science, School of Health Technology, School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Education and College of Arts and Science.
  • Recruitment of additional teachers at all levels to cater for increased enrolment.
  • Enhancement of mass and nomadic education.
  • Revolutionising the agricultural sector in the State through introduction of new farming techniques, improved seeds and seedlings, agricultural mechanisation, equipment, chemicals, fertiliser and other inputs at affordable prices.
  • Increase in budgetary provision in favour of agriculture.
  • Mobilisation of farmers to form farmers’ associations to facilitate accessing micro-credit facilities from credit institutions.
  • Upgrading of the State fertiliser Blending Plant to operate at full capacity.
  • Procurement of thousands of tonnes of assorted fertilisers, over 500 tractors and 400 small-scale irrigation tube-wells and selling same  to farmers at subsidised rates.
  • Establishment of a Women and Children Hospital in the State capital.
  • Establishment of ten new general hospitals across the State.
  • Provision of modern hospital equipment to all the hospitals of the state.
  • Recruitment of expatriate doctors/consultants to supplement the indigenous ones.
  • Improvement of salary and allowances of doctors and other medical staff.
  • Regular immunisation in conjunction with NPI, WHO, UNICEF etc.
  • Emphasis on campaign against HIV-AIDS in conjunction with NACA.
  • Undertaking the rehabilitation and upgrading of the Gusau Barrage (dam) to improve water storage, treatment and distribution capacities for Gusau, the State capital.
  • Improvement of the urban water supply of all the Local Government

Areas in the State.

  • Construction of 730 boreholes across the State.
  • Connection of all the 14 Local Government headquarters and about 200 districts and villages to the National Grid.
  • Construction of township roads at Gusau, the State capital (48 km).

Other towns include Tsafe, Anka, T/Mafara, Bakura, Bungudu, Shinkafi and Kaura Namoda.

  • Construction and rehabilitation of inter-town roads across the State covering a length of about 700 kms, either completed or ongoing.
  • Stimulation of small and medium scale enterprises and introduction of incentives to prospective investors.
  • Construction of the first phase of Gusau new central market (4,000 stalls), in order to boost commercial activities in the State.
  • Establishment of the first Poverty Alleviation Agency in the country

– Zamfara State Poverty Alleviation Agency. About three billion Naira has, so far, been expended in various poverty alleviation projects and programmes ranging from provision of motorcycles to Kabu-Kabu Associations, civil servants, individuals, groups and associations, to micro-soft loans to different entrepreneurs.

  • Establishment of 18 Skills Acquisition centres across the State where over 20,000 youths have been trained and have graduated in various skills. This has greatly reduced unemployment in the State.
  • Establishment of the Shari’ah legal system in pursuance of the various constitutional provisions as a response to the yearnings and aspirations of the electorate of the State. This moral rejuvenation has helped us create a society which is more useful, productive, transparent, honest and God fearing and has played an important role in reducing social vices and crimes to their barest minimum.
  • The interests of Christians and other faiths in the State have been fully protected. All non-Moslems are able to choose civil law rather than Shari’ah when faced with legal proceedings, and their rights to pray, preach and build places of Worship have been secured and reinforced.
  • The establishment of Shari’ah implementation bodies such as Anti-Corruption Commission, Public Complaint Commission, Council of Ulama, Hisbah Commission, Zakkat and Endowment Board, Shari’ah Research and Development Board, Preaching Commission, with the Ministry of Religious Affairs as a supervisory body. The Shari’ah legal system has enhanced security, harmony and peaceful coexistence between Moslem and non-Moslem and has facilitated quick dispensation of justice and reduction of corruption at all levels in the State.
  • Construction of about 2,300 assorted affordable housing units for purchase by civil servants and individuals in the State. Construction of additional State Secretariat buildings to house government Ministries and parastatals that were previously operating in rented accommodation.
  • Construction of the Presidential lodge, 5 Ministers’ chalets and 5 Governor’s lodges.

Construction of liaison office and hotel at Abuja.

  • Establishment of a State-owned Radio and Television Authority complex and a newspaper company complex.
  • Construction of an ultra-modern abattoir in Gusau, the State capital.

I now have the honour and privilege to present the following transformation agenda.




3.0 / My mission


I believe passionately in our great country. However, the Nigeria in which I believe does not yet exist. But I believe it can and I am determined it will. This Nigeria will be a united land, a free, democratic and peaceful land.

It will be a nation where the canker of corruption does not eat away at every corner of public life. It will be a country which harnesses the potential of its great resources for the benefit of all the people, not merely the few.

It will be a country where public services are operated with integrity, efficiency and dedicated competence; where power supplies are dependable, water clean and available, education free and universal, public transport reliable and roads in a state of

fit repair.

I believe too in a Nigeria that is safe for our people. Safe at our borders and safe inside our own land. No citizen of this land should walk the streets of our towns in fear. Crime and violence cannot go unchecked in the Nigeria in which I believe.

This is the Nigeria in which I believe, and by the grace of God, it is a Nigeria which can be ours. It is the right of our people. A right that has too long been denied.

My mission is to bring this to pass.






4.0 / Macroeconomic policies, economic growth and sustainable development

4.1 Introduction

improvement to the lives of our people in terms of jobs, income, food, water, housing, health, education, roads, communication, electricity, fuel or public safety – the basic indices for development.

The reforms undertaken by successive governments have failed repeatedly, because they have not addressed Nigeria’s fundamental

Our objective is to create a conducive macroeconomic environment to ensure

macroeconomic stability, economic growth and sustainable development.

Nigerians have suffered under a sustained muddle of economic “reforms”. None of these has brought any lasting gains or any significant

problems including its inexcusably low GDP, low

income, high interest rates, unemployment,

extreme poverty, low levels of literacy, dependence on oil and inability to feed ourselves.

4.2 Macroeconomic policies

Situation analysis

Macroeconomic policy formulation and implementation has been a recurrent nightmare in Nigeria. Major sources of problems have been the nature of the monetary control framework, the interest rate regime and the non-harmonisation of fiscal and monetary policies. Despite the monetary policy reforms introduced in 1986, and indeed subsequent similar reforms aimed at inducing the emergence of a market-oriented financial system for effective mobilisation of savings and efficient resource allocation, deep-rooted problems still persist, the result of an ineffective control framework and the instability created by inconsistent and un-harmonised fiscal and monetary operations and policies.


Our objective is to create a conducive macroeconomic environment to ensure macroeconomic stability, economic growth and sustainable development.


These will be our strategies:

  1. To ensure harmonisation of fiscal and monetary policies in line with macroeconomic objectives.
  2. To reposition the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) towards greater autonomy in its operations through enactment/review of appropriate legislation.
  • Ensuring fiscal discipline, transparency and accountability in the conduct of government spending.
  1. Ensuring a policy framework that will deliver a sustainable single digit inflationary rate.
  2. Our fiscal policy, both domestic and international, will support sustainable membership of international trade organisations, consistent with our development aspirations,
  3. All obligations with respect to liquidation of our foreign debts will

be rationalised and honoured, and the gains arising would be appropriately managed and sustained to address the country’s poverty and social infrastructural needs.

  • Appropriate legislation will be initiated to check the excesses of indiscriminate foreign borrowings at all levels of government.
  • An appropriate policy framework will be put in place to scrutinise all domestic debts with a view to rationalising them.
  1. Appropriate measures will be put in place to ensure a sustainable balanced budget.
  2. The current banks recapitalisation exercise will be supported, re-invigorated and reformed.
  3. Convertibility of the national currency – the Naira – would be pursued through application of our foreign reserves to strengthen the currency in order to enhance its movement and acceptability in the international foreign exchange markets.
  • To put in place a policy framework for the attainment of annual GDP growth rate of a minimum of 10%.
  • To improve upon the existing export incentives and measures in order to promote export of goods and services with a view to enhancing inflow of foreign exchange and foreign capital.
  • To make it attractive for Nigerians with wealth abroad to voluntarily repatriate it back home for effective investments.
  1. To ensure strict enforcement of the existing legislation and strengthen the relevant institutions relating to money laundering and other financial crimes.


4.3 Economic growth and sustainable development

 Situation analysis

The present Government’s developmental effort has had, as its main objective, economic growth, accompanied by wealth creation and modernisation. The principle of top down management has prevailed. But this approach has merely handed down development plans from policy makers to the passive recipients at the grass roots. As a strategy this suffers from a number of weaknesses because the majority of the people benefit very little from the development programmes. Wealth creation has indeed taken place, but only for a small handful of individuals. The projects undertaken by the Government do not meet the “felt” needs of the people; there is no feeling of a sense of ownership of the programmes and projects. Their survival rate is low, and they tend to create dependency on Government and other development agencies as well as on external resources, rather than empowering through local resources. They also encourage and promote injustice and corruption because there is no accountability to the people. The end result has been increasing poverty of the people.


Our objective is to ensure that there is the accelerated economic growth and sustained development for Nigeria which will significantly improve the economic and human conditions in the country,


These will be our strategies:

  1. Diversification of our economic base by transforming the non oil sector.

Ii.  Re-invigoration of the existing poverty alleviation programmes  with a view to making them more people and result oriented.

iii. Encouraging public participation and ownership of economic programmes from policy formulation to implementation.  iv. Ensuring industrialisation of the economy and the protection of the environment for sustainable development.

  1. Creating jobs through enhancement of the agricultural sector and development and promotion of micro, small and medium scale enterprises.


4.4 Deregulation

 Situation analysis

Attempts by successive governments to deregulate key areas of the economy such as the oil sector, telecommunications, aviation and banking have been disappointing and ineffective. There is no broadly based private sector participation in the economy, as the bulk of the economic sector is dominated by a small number of powerful organisations which too often appear to place profits and personal riches ahead of the public good. At the same time important industries such as textiles have been brought to ruin. Much of this pattern of failure is due to the fact that the interest of the nation has not been taken into consideration in the conception, nurturing and implementation of the deregulation exercise.



Our objective is to ensure a regime of deregulation that will take the interest of Nigerians and Nigeria into consideration within the context of transparency and globalisation.




These will be our strategies:


  1. We will review the current privatisation and commercialisation process to ensure that the right decisions are taken at the right time. The focus will be on deregulation, with consideration to our peculiar environment and within the context of globalisation.  iii. To ensure transparency and accountability in the conduct of all future deregulation exercises in order to provide a level playing ground for all operators.


4.5 Agricultural revolution


Situation analysis

While our federal economy has grown increasingly dependent on oil, for the Nigerian people as a whole agriculture has undoubtedly been the most important sector of the Nigerian economy, accounting for 35-40% of the GDP and employing about 70% of the country’s labour force. Smallholder farmers remain the backbone of the sector but they are still wedded to traditional techniques, largely ignoring proven modern technologies which would improve production and increase productivity. Lack of support for research, absence of large scale farms, shortage of agricultural investment, erratic and unreliable rainfall, shortage of qualified agricultural extension workers and other debilitating factors have combined to compound the problems of agricultural production in Nigeria.


Our objective is the establishment of a favourable policy framework that will ensure support for research into the provision of financial support for the agricultural sector at subsidised rates at the right time, the training and retraining of existing agricultural extension staff, recruitment of

additional personnel and encouragement of large scale private sector participation.  Strategies

These are the strategies we will implement:

  1. Stimulating agricultural production for domestic consumption and export through the use of improved seeds and breeds.
  2. Processing of credit facilities for onward lending to resource-poor small-scale farmers organised in groups, through banks.
  • Encouraging and promoting organisation of farmers along the lines of successful farmer/commodity associations or groups.
  1. Optimum utilisation of irrigation facilities (large-scale, fadama and micro-irrigation systems).
  2. Mobilisation of farmers to produce for both domestic market and export by meeting all the required national and international quality standards.
  3. Stimulating investment in the livestock sub-sector to support the emergence of meat and leather processing industries, as well as multiple vegetable oil processing plants, and value added cash crop production; in addition to packaging and processing for export.
  • Providing avenues for accelerated commercialisation and investment of agriculture.
  • Ensuring the improvement of essential agricultural development infrastructure.
  1. Ensuring fiscal and economic policies in favour of agriculture.
  2. Promotion of quality agricultural education in vocational centres, schools, colleges and universities.
  3. Encouraging establishment of agro-based industries that will constitute the launching pad for the development of other sectors of the economy
  • Establishing a micro-economic finance programme where farmers can easily access credit facilities.

xii. Providing accessibility to market outlets for farm produce in order to ensure high profitability.














4.6 Trade and commerce

Situation analysis


infrastructure, low level of technological skills and lack of  
managerial capacity. This has resulted in continued dependence on imports for our basic needs, inadequately

balanced by low value-added exports.



Our objective is the provision of a conducive enabling environment. We will do this by modernising our trading/ commercial practices and facilities in line with

international standard more competitive, especially in the non-oil sector, and to become active players in shaping

We will ensure that

Nigeria’s interests are taken into account in the policy formulation of the evolving global trade

liberalisation and private sector led economy.

Nigeria emerged from its colonial days with trading policies geared to the export of raw materials for the manufacture of goods abroad and the import of consumer goods to Nigeria. The result was an adverse balance of trade, as a result of the low and fluctuating price of the raw materials exported by Nigeria. Attempts after independence to encourage manufacturing through imports substitution generally failed due to weak global trade policies. We will ensure that Nigeria’s

interests are taken into account in the policy formulation of the evolving global trade liberalisation and private sector led economy.



These are the strategies we will implement:

  1. Directing our foreign missions aggressively to promote the export of our products.
  2. Providing easy access to competitive sources of export.
  • Encouraging private sector participation in international trade policy formulation.
  1. Ensuring an efficient distribution network system by improving transportation – road, rail, air and water.
  2. Encouraging an e-payment/settlement system thus reducing transaction settlement periods and the risk associated with cash handling.
  3. Establishment of trading houses which specialise in export and which understand the requirements of foreign markets.
  • Streamlining and simplifying export procedures.
  • Diversification of products for export.
  1. Encouraging partnership with foreign companies with a track record of good business practices to enable Nigerians to acquire

managerial skills and good business practices.

  1. Full development of our commodity stock exchange.




4.7 Industrialisation  


Situation analysis

Despite abundant resources, the Nigerian economy has not experienced the necessary managerial, institutional and structural changes to guarantee rapid industrial growth. Furthermore, and due largely to lack of education, training and skill

acquisition, the production and technology bases which form the prime movers of real industrial growth are weak and obsolete.



Our objective is to ensure the speedy industrialisation of the country based on its natural advantages and to meet the challenges of globalisation.


These are the strategies we will implement:

  1. Enhancing industrial capabilities through research and development.
  2. Improving physical infrastructure to support industrialisation.
  • Ensuring the establishment of product and process standards and quality regulations that meet international standards.
  1. Responding, proactively, to new global competitive challenges by

rehabilitation of traditional resource-based export industries, diversification of nontraditional exports, and promotion of competitive development of key industries.

  1. Ensuring diversification of the non-oil sector of the economy. vi. Encouraging and promoting e-business.

vii. Ensuring political stability for sustainable industrialisation.  vii. Providing the necessary education and skills development for the national workforce to support the demands of industry.

  1. Vigorously implementing anti-corruption programmes to promote

an industrial climate that will reassure and attract international investment and business partners.


4.8 Solid minerals  


Situation analysis

Nigeria is endowed with at least 34 mineral types and over 450 mineral occurrences which are located in all the 36 States of the federation and the Federal Capital Territory. But despite the rich abundance of precious, semi-precious and industrial minerals, the exploitation of solid minerals accounts for only 0.3 per cent of the country’s GDP. The stagnation of the sector is yet another example of the damaging effects of Nigeria’s reliance on oil. The huge potential of our land and our people has been ignored, deprived of investment and effective development as one government administration after another has subjugated the entire economy to the blind pursuit of oil revenues.


Our objective is to ensure sustainable development of the solid mineral sector, both to enhance the wealth of our nation and to help develop a healthy, diversified economy. If we can achieve this, reducing our dangerous dependence on a single source of economic well-being, Nigeria will be able to look to the future with confidence and hope.





These are the strategies we will implement:

  1. Encouragement of a private sector-led financing mechanism to support small mining companies.
  2. Reviewing the existing legal and institutional framework with a view to providing adequate incentives for entrepreneurs.
  • Ensuring entrepreneurial training programmes for miners and processors of minerals in research institutions.
  1. Increasing research and development in appropriate intermediate technology for mining and processing of minerals.
  2. Encouraging research institutions to make research findings available to the private sector for adoption. vii. Establishing stakeholder consultative forums to discuss challenges within the sector.

vii. Creating a national cadastre to streamline and ensure timely granting of mineral titles in a transparent manner.

4.9 Electricity

 Situation analysis

The generation, transmission and distribution infrastructure of electricity in Nigeria is a disgrace and an embarrassment to our nation, hampering our economic progress, placing vital services at peril, and earning ridicule in the eyes of the world. The

The transformation of our power generation

and supply will require investment, entrepreneurial skill and market acumen.

facilities have not undergone adequate expansion for the last 25 years, in total disregard of population growth and national demand. The overall installed generation capacity is as low as 6,000MW at a point where Nigeria should have as much as 12,000MW. The available supply ranges between 2,500MW to 3,500MW due to breakdown of many of the generating units in various stations. The distribution facilities are grossly inadequate with the majority of our towns and villages still left without electricity.


Fundamental change will never be achieved while our power supply is in the hands of a sprawling, slothful, bureaucratic government monopoly. The task of providing power efficiently, competitively and in a manner that is sensitive to the needs of the marketplace should not be the business of Government. Government’s role should be to regulate, to set objectives and establish national requirements. But this is an area where the private sector has a vital role to play. The transformation of our power generation and supply will require investment, entrepreneurial skill and market acumen. But working in partnership with the private sector, there is no reason why we should not achieve rapid and effective transformation of the sector.



Our objective is to ensure an uninterrupted electricity supply in the country.



These are the strategies we will implement:

  1. We will seek to engage international and domestic commercial partners in a public/private partnership, bringing to bear fresh capital and skills to restructure and restore the nation’s power supplies.
  2. We will expand the provision of electric power in the areas of generation, transmission and distribution.
  • We will improve management and production efficiency in the industry.
  1. We will place new emphasis on other new sources of energy such as solar, biomass and wind.
  2. We will review and strengthen existing policies and the legal frameworks to create an environment supportive of private sector participation in the electricity industry.






4.10 Petroleum industry


Situation analysis

Upstream: Nigeria, with an estimated reserve base of 40 billion barrels of crude oil, currently produces about 2.8 million barrels per day, including condensates. This accounts for 3 per cent of world production. This sub-sector still accounts for about 85 per cent of the country’s total export earnings and about 80 per cent of

Federal Government revenues. Nigeria’s vast gas resources remain virtually unexploited and more than 90 per cent of associated gas is being flared, not only wasting this important potential resource, but creating significant and avoidable environmental damage. Nigeria’s vast gas resources remain

virtually unexploited and more than 90

per cent of associated gas is being

flared, not only wasting this important potential resource, but creating

significant and avoidable

environmental damage.

Progress in the sub-sector is being stalled by inadequate funding, corruption and loss of confidence between the Government and the joint venture operators. Other problems are incessant clashes with inhabitants of oil producing areas on account of environmental degradation, loss of means of livelihood caused by oil exploration activities and clamour for ownership of the resource. Furthermore, the sub-sector remains an enclave activity with little linkage with the rest of the economy.

Downstream: Nigeria has invested substantially in four refineries (with a total capacity of 445,000 barrels per day), pipelines, petro-chemicals and fertiliser plants. The sub-sector, which is dominated by the Government, is in a state of decay due to poor operating conditions, inadequate funding, corruption, vandalisation and bureaucratic intervention.

There is also a significant level of smuggling. The current importation of petroleum products by Nigeria is clear evidence of the poor state of the sub-sector.



Our objective is to develop a well-defined, broad-based and sustainable policy for the petroleum industry that addresses the environmental degradation and community hardship of the producing areas and which will provide a launching pad for the sustainable development of the rest of the economy. In the downstream sector, we will consolidate the gains of the existing deregulation exercise and provide adequate incentives for private sector investment in a more transparent manner.


These are the strategies we will implement:

  1. Dialogue with stakeholders in the industry with a view to providing a road map favourable for steady growth and development.
  2. A pragmatic approach to the Niger Delta issue, especially youth restiveness, degradation of the environment and other related matters.
  • We will enhance and enforce standards of environmental performance expected of the industries operating in the oil sector.
  1. We will monitor the application of Federal funds by local administrations and political leaders, using the full force of the law to ensure that these are used for the benefit of the community, and not diverted for personal gain.
  2. We will provide adequate measures to stop gas flaring by establishing more gas powered generation plants, extend the gas pipeline network and gas schemes such as liquefied natural gas (L.N.G.) and gas-to-liquids nationwide in partnership with industry leaders.
  3. We will encourage the establishment of medium size refineries in strategic locations across the country.
  • We will review existing legislation regulating the oil and gas industry in Nigeria with a view to attracting foreign investment in the sector.
  • Joint venture obligations will be fully and promptly honoured under a more transparent environment, in which investor confidence is guaranteed.









  • / Social and infrastructural transformation
  • Introduction

For 30 years Nigeria suffered under military Hisnule. When, finally, democracy was restored, the country found itself led, yet again, by another general. Over the past seven years President Olusegun Obasanjo has made genuine efforts to address many of Nigeria’s ills, but rampant, bureaucratic inefficiency, endemic corruption and paralysing incompetence have continued to poison the governance of our nation, even among some of the highest in the land. The social ills which plagued the nation at the end of 30 years of military dictatorship continue to rage unabated today.

The situation is a disgrace for a

nation such as ours, rich in human

and natural resources.

The people of Nigeria have been

betrayed by decades of misrule.

to meet the needs of our people, and entire communities are deprived of electrical power. Our public servants and the people working in our security services are underpaid and poorly motivated, while dilapidated school

The basic infrastructure for both urban and rural areas is desperately inadequate. The railways have ground to a dysfunctional standstill, the road network is grossly sub-standard and poorly maintained, the water supply fails infrastructure and low teacher and student morale undermines our education system. Where industrialisation has taken place, it has tended to be low quality poorly financed and inefficient, resulting in high levels of unemployment, ignorance and extreme poverty. The situation is a disgrace for a nation such as ours, rich as it is in human and natural resources. The people of Nigeria have been betrayed by decades of misrule.

For my administration, an immediate priority will be to develop and apply urgent, coordinated strategies in rural development, agriculture, health, poverty reduction and education, with particular emphasis on science and technology.

The young people of our country are the custodians of our future. If we equip them with the training and education they need, if we motivate them and give them a proper stake in our future, they have the ability to transform our nation, not merely addressing the ills that haunt our society, but creating a whole new landscape of opportunity and progress. The skills they develop, and the expertise they bring to bear can provide the innovation, invention and initiative needed to re-shape our society. They can also deliver the technologies and expertise to modernise our communications, to revolutionise agriculture, to feed the undernourished, construct roads and bridges, manufacture drugs and hospital equipment, provide drinking water and electricity, resuscitate railways, develop inland waterways, open up the rural areas in a way never witnessed before, and pave the way for the socio-economic emancipation of our society, shaking off the yoke of poverty, ignorance, disease, malnutrition and our nation’s cruelly high mortality rate.

Just as important, it is high time to transform the role of women in society. They must have access to education and healthcare, and opportunities to gain the skills and training to earn a living and to participate fully in the workplace and in public life. They need a voice in the decision-making for our future, and unquestioned access to economic and social support.

We must overhaul the transport sector from its present state of near collapse to one which can support the socio-economic development of Nigeria and which can stand comparison with global standards, conduct and practice.

The world is changing faster and more dramatically than at any time in its history. Nigeria cannot afford to be left behind. The strategies we devise today will equip us to respond to the challenges and opportunities of our changing world.

5.2 Educational transformation

Situation analysis

Over the past two decades the standard of education in Nigeria has plummeted drastically. This is due to many factors, the most important of which are low enrolment at all levels, the general decay of infrastructure, grossly inadequate funding of the sector, serious shortage of qualified teachers and lack of sufficient emphasis on science, vocational and technical education. The whole sector is also damaged and undermined by lack of transparency in the management of educational institutions, the direct result of poor leadership. It was education that was needed to provide the impetus for the socio-economic development of the country. But when the Government’s education policy failed, that development faltered and the future of our country was undermined.  Today, there is a desperate need for root and branch reform of our educational system, from basic to tertiary levels. This will be an immediate and pressing concern of my administration.



Our objective is that within the next 15 years Nigeria will be recognised as an industrialised country. But this transformation can only happen if it is properly underpinned by education, science and technology. We are committed to a policy of delivering free education to all by the year 2015.


These will be our strategies:

  1. Implementing sustained and well funded programmes, achieving education for all by 2015.
  2. Encouraging Government at all levels to provide 26% of their annual budgets for education.
  • Rehabilitating existing infrastructure and building new structures to meet the demands of additional enrolment.
  1. Ensuring prompt payment of teachers’ salaries and allowances at all levels.
  2. Initiating collaborative manpower development programmes for teachers at all levels. Encouraging participation in the delivery of education by donor agencies, nongovernmental organisations, community-based organisations, faith-based organisations,

Nigeria Union of Teachers, and parent teacher associations.  vii. Emphasising science and technical education.

viii. Re-prioritising vocational education programmes at the basic level.  ix. Emphasising and promoting girl child education.

  1. Encouraging and promoting indigenous book production in all fields of education. xi. Encouraging private sector participation in education and research, particularly in tertiary institutions.

xii. Providing grants, loans and scholarships for needy and gifted students.  xiii. Encouraging computer education in all schools and colleges.  xiv. Fighting examination malpractice and cultism at all levels.

  1. Provide guidance and counselling service units in all secondary schools.
  • Funding existing tertiary institutions such that a conducive learning and research environment will prevail.
  • Enforcing the payment of the 2% corporate profit tax (Educ. Tax Fund) for education and putting appropriate mechanisms in place to ensure utilisation of the proceeds to address the nation’s specific educational problems.
  • Ensuring total computer literacy in all our tertiary institutions by re-equipping libraries and information resource centres with information and communication technology for lecturers and

students and creating awareness for the goal.

  • Developing innovative approaches to capacity building for lecturer’s, so that they operate with maximum efficiency.
  1. Monitoring public and private tertiary institutions effectively, enforcing compliance with minimum academic standards.
  • Ensuring strict compliance with the University Autonomy Act.
  • Moving increasingly towards a decentralised and competitive wage bargaining system which promotes a performance-based reward system.
  • Expanding the existing public-owned tertiary institutions in order to increase enrolment and diversify programmes.
  • Rationalising the existing courses in our public institutions to enable effective course service delivery and prioritisation to meet our immediate social and economic needs.

XXV. Continuing to encourage the establishment of good quality privately-owned tertiary institutions so that gaps in the provision of education are filled.  xxvi. Restructuring the existing educational loans and scholarships


5.3 Poverty reduction Situation analysis

The level of poverty in our country is cruelly high. Indeed, for the great majority of Nigerians the privations of extreme poverty are a real and ever-present threat. Illiteracy, hunger, disease, unemployment, poor housing and broken homes form the common fabric of life for our people. When you consider the vast resources of our land, this is not merely wrong, it is obscene. It must change. It can change. And it will change. This is my solemn pledge.



We will eradicate extreme poverty. That is our objective and my commitment. The resources of our government will be focused on a massive provision of social and infrastructure facilities to raise the standard of living across the land, with particular emphasis on the plight of the most disadvantaged and vulnerable in our society.


These are the strategies we will implement:

  1. Injecting massive investment in resource development for sustainable human development.
  2. Supporting income and employment generating opportunities for the poor.
  • Ensuring adequate provision of basic infrastructure especially in the rural areas.
  1. Executing macro-economic and social development programmes targeted to benefit women, youth, children and the elderly.

5.4 Youth empowerment

Situation analysis

It is a tragedy of our nation today that huge numbers of young people exist in a blighted world of deprivation and despair. Not only are they poor and unemployed, they have been left without hope, trapped by the lack of education and opportunity. Parental care is often inadequate, while facilities for sport

and recreation for most are simply nonexistent. Alienated from the mainstream of society, without discipline or family values, they fall easy prey to the manipulations of politicians, and to the seductive evils of criminal gangs and cultism.


It is a tragedy of our nation

today that huge numbers of

young people exist in a

blighted world of deprivation

and despair.

Our objective is to give shape, meaning and

purpose to the lives of young people in this country; to restore opportunity to their lives and break down the growing patterns of vagrancy, crime and social alienation. They must become true stakeholders in the development of our nation, and it will be the responsibility of this administration to address the serious issues facing young people in Strategies

These will be our strategies to assist the young people of this land:  i. Promoting youth development and empowerment programmes

such as skills acquisition in order to increase their potential and productive capacity.

  1. Facilitating easy access to micro-credit facilities to grandaunts of the skills acquisition programmes.
  • Organising workshops, seminars and public lectures for youth at

periodic intervals so as to positively re-orient their thoughts and develop their career potentials.

Iv. Strengthening the activities of Youth Councils at National, State and Local Government levels.


5.5 Environmental protection for sustainable development

Situation analysis

Nigeria’s environment has suffered serious and sustained damage in recent decades. The grievous damage inflicted in the area of the Niger Delta by the activities of the oil industry has been reported worldwide. But this is not the only threat to our environment population pressures; continuous exploitation and depletion of the marginal lands; desert encroachment; severe gully erosion; coastal marine and sheet erosion; uncontrolled logging and inappropriate agricultural practices have all contributed to the pattern of severe environmental degradation.


Our objective is to establish an environment friendly Nigeria, in line with the Millennium Development Goals, which seek to integrate the principles of sustainable development into the country’s policies and to reverse the loss of environmental resources.


These are the strategies we will implement:

  1. Increasing forest reserves and woodlots to the point of parity with their degree of depletion and similarly to stabilise all gullies and coastal erosion sites through adequate budgetary provision.
  2. Developing an efficient mechanism for managing municipal wastes.
  • Checking desertification by encouraging the development of private nurseries and woodlots and providing an alternative source of energy for domestic use.
  1. Enforcing maximum standards of compliance in emissions from industries, motor vehicles, aircraft and generating plants.
  2. Working towards the establishment of environmentally friendly settlements free of slum conditions.
  3. Integrating environmental management into economic policies, planning and decision-making processes.

vii. Providing adequate pastoral settlements and grazing reserves.